Engelsk kopparstickare. Inga övriga upplysningar hittade, om han inte är identisk med den J. Cross som nämns av Thieme-Becker. Från dennes hand kom särskilt heraldiska exlibris och porträtt (ca. 1820-60).
Engelsk kopparstickare i slutet av 1600-talet. Han graverade kartor för atlaser och geografiska verk, av vilka kan nämnas J. Sellers "Atlas maritimus", ett flertal utgåvor från ca. 1670, J. Speeds "The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain" (1676), Richard Blomes "Cosmography" (1682 och W. Pettys "A geographical Description of ye Kingdom of Ireland" (1689). Den sistnämnda var han även, tillsammans med J. Seller (se denne), förläggare för.
Atlas maritimus.The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain.Cosmography.A geographical Description of ye Kingdom of Ireland.
Ph. - Tooley.
Naval commission in 1764, retiring as vice-admiral 1790. The royal letter of discharge lauded him for his "splendid fidelity and bravery."
Sveriges sjökartor – A. Hedin.
Amiral Häggs flaggkarta. - Stockholm 1888.
'Dép.t de la Charente.' - Paris ca 1850.
He was an English geographer (mapmaker) and member of the Arrowsmith family of geographers. He moved to Soho Square, London from Winston, County Durham when about twenty years of age, and was employed by John Gary, the engraver and led for some years the office of hydrographer to the king. In January 1790 he made himself famous by his large chart of the world on Mercator projection. Four years later he published another large map of the world on the globular projection, with a companion volume of explanation. The maps of North America (1796) and Scotland (1807) are the most celebrated of his many later productions. He left two sons, Aaron and Samuel, the elder of whom was the compiler of the Eton Comparative Atlas, of a Biblical atlas, and of various manuals of geography.The business was thus carried on in company with John Arrowsmith (1790-1873), nephew of the elder Aaron. In 1821, they published a more complete North American map from a combination of a maps obtained from the Hudson Bay Company and Aaron's previous one. In 1834 John published his London Atlas, the best set of maps then in existence. He followed up the atlas with a long series of elaborate and carefully executed maps, those of Australia, America, Africa and India being especially valuable. In 1863 he received the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society, of which body he was one of the founders.His maps were very numerous, and the neatness and finished style of their execution gained for them a very extensive reputation, which, however, on closer examination, they have not permanently sustained. Arrowsmith was a most industrious collector of materials, but he was not equally judicious in using them ; and though, in various respects, useful and meritorious, his maps contain many great and important errors.Mount Arrowsmith, situated east of Port Alberni on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, is named for Aaron Arrowsmith and his nephew John Arrowsmith.
First map of North America, 1790A Map Exhibiting All the New Discoveries in the Interior Parts of North America, January 1, 1795 (Other editions 1801, 1802, 1804 and 1816 featuring roads) Chart of the South Pacific, 1798 A New Map of Africa, 1802 Map of Countries Round the North Pole, 1818 Ogden map (North America), 1821 (2nd edition : 1834)